Islam proclaims all people are equal in terms of human values, and all individuals are equal before the Islamic code of law. Its judgments and legal penalties are applicable to all races and classes of people without any distinction, and without any person, group or nation acquiring freedom or benefit. Every human being is designate to his integrity, honor, and reputation during his life and after his death.
Every individual in an Islamic society, regardless of his faith or religious connection, position or social status, has certain inflexible rights, which all people have to follow and accept no matter to what religion or faith he/she belongs to.
Allah says in the Quran: “And those who do not judge by what Allah has laid down they are surely disbelievers.” (Quran 5: 44)
Basic human rights must be exercised because everything that Allah Almighty does is for a just purpose and those who do not follow and exercised are the disbelievers as mentioned in above Ayah of Holy Quran.
The significance of Human Rights according to the Quran
It is the individual, social, and universal responsibility of Muslims, according to their faith. Protect the human dignity and virtues of all human beings, no matter what their differences may be they have. Defending the human rights of any human being is a religious duty for a Muslim, who believes that any oppression is an interference of Allah’s will and plan in His creation.
Muslim believes that Allah Almighty has created all mankind equal as human beings. Allah says in the Quran: “O humanity! Behold, we have created you all out of a male and a female. Verily, the noblest of you in the sight of God is the one who is most deeply conscious of Him. Behold, God is All-Knowing, All-Aware” (Quran, 49:13)
One who believes in one Lord also believes in equality of all human beings and their basic human rights. We will discuss some of the basic human rights that Islam protects.
- Right to Life: The first and the most important basic human right is the right to live. Allah says: “Saving a life it is as though he had saved the lives all mankind” (Quran, 5:32). So from this, we can conclude that one should give respect to other human life.
- Right to Freedom: Islam has strictly forbidden the fundamental practice to conquer a free man and making him a slave. Our beloved Prophet (SAW) said: “There are three categories of people against whom I shall myself be a plaintiff on the Day of Judgment. Three categories of people, one is he who enslaves a free man, then sells him and eats this money”. (Al-Bukhari and Ibn Majah)
- Right to Equal Justice: Islam is the religion of peace and Justice. Allah said in the Quran: “And act justly. Truly, God loves those who are just” (Quran, 49:9). Since all humans are equal, they are equal in the eyes of the law. Thus everyone has the right to justice.
- Rights to Privacy: It is a basic right of every citizen that his private life should be respected. He must enjoy moments of privacy at his home. The Holy Quran says: “O believers! Do not enter houses of others, without respectfully seeking permission of their occupants; this is the conduct enjoined on you. If you find none in a house, do not enter it unless directed otherwise. And go back if you are not allowed entry, this is what behooves you; and God knows all that you do. There is nothing wrong on your part if you enter uninhabited places if they are of any use to you, but God knows what you express or conceal.” (Quran, 24:27-29. We should respect the privacy of others so do they will respect us.
In short, the rights of humans granted by Allah cannot be withdrawn from any race, party or individual. No one has the right to withdraw them.
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